The aim of the article is to present the effects of changes in the electricity sector in Poland after the accession to the EU, taking into account the environmental protection and the development of agriculture and rural areas. The paper presents the ideas of the energy and climate policies in the European Union and their effects on the environment and the development of agricultural areas in Poland. The changes in the electricity sector in Poland were presented by the author in the context of the development of agriculture and rural areas. The analysis indicated that the transformation in the electricity sector had a strong impact on both the environment and agriculture and rural areas. The main effects are the increase in the production of energy crops, tax effects for rural communities and landscape changes caused by the appearance of sources of energy renewable plants.
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