Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal <p><strong>Welcome to the website of the Journal "Ekonomia i Srodowisko - Economics and Environment"</strong></p> <p>The journal "Economics and Environment" ("Ekonomia i Środowisko") is a leading Polish quarterly journal in the economics of environment and natural resources. It has existed since 1992. The reference version of the Journal is the paper version.</p> <p> </p> <p>This is the Journal of the <a href="http://psesizn.pl/">Polish Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.</a></p> <p>Value according to the Polish Ministry of Education and Science: 40 points.</p> <p><strong>Fields and disciplines of science:</strong></p> <p><strong>1. Engineering and technology:</strong> architecture and urban planning, civil engineering and transport, environmental engineering, mining and energy</p> <p><strong>2. Agricultural sciences:</strong> forestry</p> <p><strong>3. Social sciences:</strong> economics and finance, social and economic geography and<br />spatial management, management and quality studies</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Wydawnictwo Ekonomia i Środowisko en-US Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment 0867-8898 <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license sa"> <p><strong>ShareAlike</strong> — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the <a id="same_license_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">same license</a> as the original.<span id="sa-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-offset-1 col-md-10"><hr /></div> </div> <div id="deed-understanding" class="row"> <h3>Notices:</h3> <ul class="understanding license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license">You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable <a id="exception_or_limitation_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">exception or limitation</a>.</li> <li class="license">No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material.</li> </ul> </div> GREEN SUSTAINABILITY: FACTORS FOSTERING AND BEHAVIOURAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MILLENNIAL AND GEN Z: MEDIATING ROLE OF GREEN PURCHASE INTENTION https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/357 <p>This exploratory study examines the factors that promote green purchasing intentions and understand the differences between the two generations, such as millennial and Generations Z, on green purchasing behaviour. Data collected from 372 respondents from two generations from three southern Indian states. Purposive and snowball samplings were adopted in the selection of respondents. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS 23.0 package using Factor Analysis, Pearson Correlation, Multiple Regression, and t-test. Subjective norms (SNs) had no significant association with Green purchase intentions (GPI). Variables such as media exposure (ME), environmental concern (EC), environmental knowledge (EK), and attitude (EA), Perceived Behavioural Control (PBC) had a significant impact on the GPI. Shopper’s purchase intention substantially impacted their buying behaviour of green products, and these results supported the TPB model. The ME, SNs, and PBC variables did not show any behavioural differences between the two generations. Still, variables such as EK, EC, EA, and GPI showed a behavioural difference in purchasing green products.</p> Rambabu Lavuri Eddy Jusuf Ardi Gunardi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 31 31 SUSTAINABLE INNOVATIONS – SELECTED ASPECTS https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/358 <p>The article aims to analyse the state of art in the field of sustainable innovation in Poland and identify barriers to developing this type of innovations. The article describes the main barriers in the implementation of sustainable innovations and related problematic issues. Eco-innovation may help European entrepreneurs develop sustainable solutions, allowing better use of valuable resources and reducing the economy’s negative impact on the environment. Awareness of the benefits brought by environmental technologies is still low. Implementing environmental innovation requires a strategic approach, and introducing them to the company’s existing structures is difficult and time-consuming. Contemporary challenges, such as climate change and the depletion of natural resources, require new solutions. Modern economies are based on intangible assets protected by intellectual property rights, intellectual property management is now an integral part of any effective business strategy.</p> Agnieszka Baran Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 12 12 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY STRINGENCY AND ITS IMPACT ON AIR POLLUTION IN POLAND https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/359 <p>The article aims to assess the level of severity of the environmental policy in Poland compared to the selected EU countries and the impact of this level on the SO2, NOX, VOCs, CO2, and GHG emissions and premature mortality due to exposure to PM2.5. In the research based on OECD and Eurostat data, multiple regression analysis is used. The results of regression analysis do not allow for<br>drawing unequivocal conclusions. The use of one of the selected measures of environmental policy stringency confirms the impact of this stringency on all the studied variables characterising air pollution. In contrast, in the other measure, this relationship was found only for two variables. The reason for different results may be the adoption of different research periods (1990-2012 and 1994-2018) due to the availability of data.</p> Justyna Godawska Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 16 16 SUSTAINABILITY AS A COMPETITIVENESS FACTOR: A QUANTITATIVE CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/360 <p>That sustainability is an essential competitive advantage is a common dictum in politics and some areas of academic research. The past few decades have made more and more dispersed ‘hard’ and soft data available, indicating not only more details on the economic performance of countries, but also on their sustainability performance. This study aims to examine whether there is a relationship between sustainability performance and national competitiveness by analysing economic, environmental, and social indicators from four data sources, including economic and sustainability data from G-20 countries for the period 2010 to 2019, representing 73% of the global GDP in 2020. The research design is based on several stepwise regression analyses to explore the pooled data set. The data analysis concludes that the effects of sustainability on competitiveness are hardly confirmed or rejected, contrary to classic economic predictors.</p> Milad Zargartalebi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 21 21 ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF CONSUMER SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN PACKAGING-FREE STORES https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/361 <p>One of the recent biggest environmental problems is pollution by excessive waste production. One of the ways to partially eliminate this problem is packaging-free stores. The paper focuses on analysing the environmental behaviour of individual generations of consumers concerning shopping in packaging-free stores. A questionnaire survey served as a source for data gathering. In the analysis, we applied the method of descriptive statistics and mathematical-statistical methods (Shapiro-Wilk W test, Kruskal Wallis test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test) to verify the difference between generational groups of consumers and their awareness of packaging-free stores. Another verified variables were the gender of respondents and their experience of shopping in a packaging-free store. The research results confirmed that packaging-free stores should focus their marketing activities on all generations of consumers and focus on finding appropriate ways to increase the level of interest of all age groups.</p> Martin Rovnak Lenka Stofejova Peter Adamisin Matus Bakon Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 13 13 EMISSIONS OF MAJOR AIR POLLUTANTS AS AN INDICATOR OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN POLAND IN 1990-2017 https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/373 <p>In recent deliberations on the quality of life, the air quality that man breathes plays a significant role. It is beyond dispute that since 1990, Poland has been a period of making up for many years of neglect of the natural environment. The study aimed to check whether the measures taken to reduce pollutants’ emissions into the atmosphere were effective and to what extent it was possible to improve its condition and improve the environmental quality of life of Polish society in this area. The index of emission of the main air pollutants was used (this group includes: sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon oxide and dioxide, non-metallic volatile organic compounds, ammonia and particulates) to achieve the assumed objective. Using the statistical data available in the yearbooks Environment, an analysis of these compounds’ emissions was carried out. The study used the descriptive, statistical<br>and analytical method. The analysis showed that over the period analysed, emissions of the main air pollutants had decreased significantly in most cases, which has undoubtedly contributed to improving the environmental quality of life.</p> Jolanta Pakulska Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 14 14 EFFECT OF CIRCULAR ECONOMY ON THE SUSTAINABILITY OF CULTURAL TOURISM (CROATIA) https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/363 <p>Circular economy is a developmental concept promoted by the European Union and applied in practice by its member countries. When looking at the circular economy process, it is most commonly observed from the industry’s point of view and its related processes. Tourism is less frequently observed, but in recent years, the circular economy application has become significantly more<br>present in tourism, both in the hotel industry and in all types of tourism overall. This paper focuses on the issue of sustainable cultural tourism, emphasising supporting the protection and/or reuse of heritage, where the entire cycle is based on the principles of the circular economy. Sustainable cultural tourism should be founded on circular economy principles wherever applicable (heritage tourism, gastronomy, urban tourism, etc.). In this paper, we take a look at cities in Croatia that apply circular economy<br>to sustainable cultural tourism. This paper’s scientific contribution lies in the proposed guidelines for taking further action to create a “new” cultural tourism by adopting the circular economy’s principles.</p> Elena Rudan Marinela Krstinić Nižić Zvonimira Šverko Grdić Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 76 1 19 19 The review of the book CONTEMPORARY GARDENING LEXICON OF DECORATIVE PLANTS – KNOWLEDGE FOR SPECIALISTS AND PLANT AND GARDEN AFICIONADOS https://www.ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/365 <p>Didier Willery, Was wächst wo? 1900 Gartenpflanzen für jeden Standort, (What grows where? 1,900 species of horticultural plants for each position in the garden), Aus dem Französischen von Sabine Hesemann, ISBN 978-3-8186-0551-3, Stuttgart (Hohenheim) 2018, Eugen Ulmer KG, www.ulmer.de</p> Eugeniusz Kośmicki Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 76 1 5 5 10.34659/2021/1/8