Microbiology of post-fermentation leachate
PDF

Keywords

post-fermentation leachate
sanitary risk
hygienization
microbiological stability

How to Cite

Zamorska, Justyna, Monika Zdeb, Andżelika Domoń, and Adam Masłoń. 2024. “Microbiology of Post-Fermentation Leachate”. Economics and Environment 88 (1): 597. https://doi.org/10.34659/eis.2024.88.1.597.

Abstract

Using post-fermentation leachate as fertilizer is a good alternative and solution to the problem of waste at wastewater treatment plants and contains the principles of sustainable development. Leachate from anaerobic treatment of sewage sludge contains valuable elements such as phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, which can improve soil properties. The production of liquid fertilizer minimizes the negative impact of leachate on the main biological stream in the WWTP and improves the energy efficiency of the entire wastewater treatment system. This transfers into the operating costs of the facility. When thinking about the agricultural use of digestion leachate and its introduction into the environment, a very important issue is its microbiological contamination. The purpose of the conducted research was to determine the microbiological quality of digestion leachates from municipal wastewater treatment plants and to determine the parameters of their hygienization. The number of bacteria in raw leachate is indicative of a sanitary risk in the case they are used in agriculture as fertiliser. Heating the leachate at 60°C for 15 minutes produces an effect comparable to that achieved by heating the leachate to 70°C. The sonication process itself did not affect the better temperature effect. Heating the leachate for 20 minutes after prior sonication for 20 minutes does not result in the complete elimination of microflora.

PDF

References

Daniłowicz, A., Drożdzik, B., Jacalska, A., Karło, A., & Surmacz-Górska, J. (2016). The pretreatment of wastewater from dewatering of digested sludge in algal photobioreactors. Archiwum Gospodarki Odpadamii Ochrony Środowiska, 18(2), 45-54. https://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-71b58293-1475-4e1d-9fcd-06dec0e12975 (in Polish).

Formowitz, B., Fritz, M., & Heimler, F. (2012). Biogas post-fermentations as organic fertilizer in different crop rotations – the third year. Proceedings of the 20th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 224-229. https://doi.org/10.5071/18thEUBCE2010-OD7.2

González-Morales, C., Fernández, B., Molina, J. F., Naranjo-Fernández, D., Matamoros-Veloza, A., & Camargo-Valero, M. A. (2021). Influence of pH and Temperature on Struvite Purity and Recovery from Anaerobic Post-fermentation. Sustainability, 13(19), 10730. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910730

Grudziński, M., Pietruszka, A., & Sawicki, W. (2015). Anaerobic digestion in sanitization of pig slurry and biomass in agricultural biogas plant. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 5(2), 524-526. https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.2015.4.6.524-526

Grzyb, J., Frączek, K., & Chmiel, M. J. (2015). Microbiological hazards of groundwater in the impact zone of a municipal waste landfill. Woda – Środowisko – Obszary Wiejskie, 15, 47-58. https://www.itp.edu.pl/old/wydawnictwo/woda/zeszyt_49_2015/artykuly/Grzyb%20i%20in.pdf (in Polish).

Hansena, C. B., Kerroucheb, A., Tataria, K., Rasmussena, A., Ryanc, T., Summersgillic, P., Desumullised, M. P. Y., Bridlee, H., & Albrechtsen, H. J. (2019). Monitoring of drinking water quality using automated ATP quantification. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 165, 105713. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2019.105713

Jóźwiak, M., Pankalla, E., Kozioł, K., Huculak-Mączka, M., & Hoffmann, J. (2021). Assessment of organic waste available on the domestic market as a potential raw material base for the production of fertilizers. Przemysł Chemiczny, 100(10), 957-962. http://dx.doi.org/10.15199/62.2021.10.9 (in Polish).

Klaczyński, E. (2016). Ładunek zanieczyszczeń wodach osadowych powstających w procesach technologicznych oczyszczalni ścieków. Forum Eksploatatora, 87(6), 29-31. https://envirotech.com.pl/artykul/ladunek-zanieczyszczen-w-wodach-osadowych-powstajacych-w-procesach-technologicznych-oczyszczalni-sciekow/ (in Polish).

Kowaĉić, D., Rupĉić, S., Kralik, D., Jowiĉić, D., Spajić, R., & Tiŝma, M. (2021). Pulsed electric field: An emerging pretreatment technology in a biogas production. Waste Management, 120, 467-483. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.10.009

Łagód, G., Sobczuk, H., & Suchorab, Z. (2006). Application of saprobiontic microorganisms community analisis in the calibration of the model description of sewage self – purification in sewer system. Chemia i Inżynieria Ekologiczna, 13(3-4), 265-275. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259978695_Application_of_a_saprobiontic_microorganisms_community_analysis_in_the_calibration_of_a_model_description_of_sewage_self-purification_in_sewer_systems

Masłoń, A., & Tomaszek, J. A. (2007). Deammonification process of sludge digester liquors in biofilm systems. Environment Protection Engineering, 33(2), 175-182. https://dbc.wroc.pl/publication/44421?action=ChangeMetaLangAction&lang=en

Lamolinara, B., Perez-Martinez, A., Guardado-Yoyrdi, E., Guillen Fiallos, Ch., Dieguez-Santana, K., & Ruiz-Mercado, G. J. (2022). Anaerobic post-fermentation management, environmental impact, and techno-economic challenges. Waste Management, 140, 14-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.12.035

Möller, K., & Müller, T. (2012). Effects of anaerobic digestion on post-fermentation nutrient availability and crop growth: A review. Engineering in Life Sciences, 12(3), 242-257. https://doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201100085

Obarska-Pempkowiak, H., Gajewska, M., & Wojciechowska, E. (2009). Koncepcja oczyszczania odcieków o wysokich stężeniach zanieczyszczeń metodą hydrofitową. In H. Obarska-Pempkowiak & L. Pawłowski (Eds.), Nowe Metody Redukcji Emisji Zanieczyszczeń i Wykorzystania Produktów Ubocznych Oczyszczalni Ścieków (pp. 9-18). Lublin: PAN. (in Polish).

Olesienkiewicz, A., & Grudziński, M. (2017). Microbiology of post-fermentation - research, problems, legal regulations. Biomasa, 3(32), 36-39. https://www.polbiotech.pl/files_mce/mikrobiologia_pofermentu_a.o._m.g._polbiotech_v.1.1.pdf (in Polish).

Pivato, A. S., Vanin, S., Raga, R., Lavagnolo, M. C., Barausse, A., & Rieple, A. (2016). Use of Post-fermentation from a decentralized on-farm biogas plant as fertilizer in soils: An ecotoxicological study for future indicators in risk and life cycle assessment. Waste Management, 49, 378-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.12.009

Piwowar, A., & Dzikuć, M. (2020). Energy consumption and emissions of the fertilizer industry. Przemysł Chemiczny, 99(4), 564-568. http://dx.doi.org/10.15199/62.2020.4.9 (in Polish).

Regulation (EU) No 142/2011 of 25 February 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption and implementing Council Directive 97/78/EC as regards certain samples and items exempt from veterinary checks at the border under that Directive, Pub. L. No. 32011R0142, 54 OJ L (2011). https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2011/142/oj

Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 20 stycznia 2015 r. w sprawie procesu odzysku R102. Dziennik Ustaw z 2015 r., poz. 132. https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=wdu20150000132 (in Polish).

Sahlström, L. (2003). A review of survival of pathogenic bacteria in organic waste used in biogas plants. Bioresource Technology, 87(2), 161-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0960-8524(02)00168-2

Sampat, A. M., Hu, Y., Sharara, M., Aguirre-Villegas, H., Rius-Mercado, G., Larson, R. A., & Zavala, V. M. (2019). Coordinated Management of organic waste and the rived products. Computers and Chemical Engineering, 128, 351-363. https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.compchemeng.2019.06.008

Urbanowska, A., Kotas, P., & Kabsch-Korbutowicz, M. (2019). Characteristics and methods of managing the post-fermentation mass produced in biogas plants. Ochrona Środowiska, 41(1), 39-45. https://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-1ac8af12-bb76-4d6e-8a2e-0de9433c0d98 (in Polish).

Walczak, M., & Donderski, W. (2007). Elimination of Indicators (TC, FC, FS) and Enterobacteriacea family bacterie during the sewage treatment process. Polish Journal of Natura Science, 22(2), 294-304.

Wolska, M., & Mołczan, M. (2015). Stability Assessment of Water Introduced into the Water Supply Network. Ochrona Środowiska, 37(4), 51-56. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291287468_Stability_Assessment_of_Water_Introduced_into_the_Water_Supply_Network (in Polish).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Economics and Environment

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.